Garlic is a species in the onion genus, Allium and is closely related to onion, shallot, chives and leek. Garlic is native to Central Asia and has a history of many thousand years of human consumption and is being used worldwide as a food seasoning and as a medicine. It is commonly believed that the sulfur compounds in garlic provide several health advantages in a wide variety of body systems.
The garlic cloves have a characteristic pungent and spicy flavour. Traditionally the largest garlic producing country is China, accounting for about 80% of the world production with India being the second largest producer.
Dried garlic is available as flakes, granules and powder.